In the last couple of weeks, I started to study Chef; install Docker with Chef was one of my first steps into the wide world of server automation.

From your chef-server you must download your chef-repo.

Go inside the chef-repo folder and generate a cookbook named mydocker:

generate cookbook cookbooks/mydocker

edit the file metadata.rb in cookbooks/mydocker/ and add this:

depends 'docker', '~> 2.0'

in cookbooks/mydocker/recipes edit the file default.rb and add this:

docker_service 'default' do
  action [:create, :start]

# Pull latest image
docker_image 'nginx' do
  tag 'latest'
  action :pull

# Run container exposing ports
docker_container 'my_nginx' do
  repo 'nginx'
  tag 'latest'
  port '80:80'
  volumes "/home/docker/default.conf:/etc/nginx/conf.d/default.conf:ro"
  volumes "/home/docker/html:/usr/share/nginx/html"

# create file default.conf for volumes doccker
template "/home/docker/default.conf" do
  source "default.conf.erb"
  #notifies :reload, "service[default]"

# create file index.html for volumes docker
template '/home/docker/html/index.html' do
  source 'index.html.erb'
    :ambiente => node.chef_environment
  action :create
  #notifies :restart, 'service[httpd]', :immediately

Now we must create two template named index.html.erb and default.conf.erb

chef generate template index.html
chef generate template default.conf

edit index.html.erb in /cookbooks/mydocker/templates

    <h1>Hello, World!</h1>
    <h3>HOSTNAME: <%= node['hostname'] %></h3>
    <h3>IPADDRESS: <%= node['ipaddress'] %></h3>
    <h3>ENVIRONMENT: <%= @ambiente %></h3>

edit default.conf in /cookbooks/mydocker/templates:

server {
    listen       80;
    server_name  localhost;
    # ssl    on;
    #ssl_certificate    /etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.crt;
    #ssl_certificate_key    /etc/nginx/ssl/nginx.key;
    #charset koi8-r;
    #access_log  /var/log/nginx/log/host.access.log  main;
    location / {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
        index  index.html index.htm;
    #error_page  404              /404.html;
    # redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
    error_page   500 502 503 504  /50x.html;
    location = /50x.html {
        root   /usr/share/nginx/html;
    # proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #    proxy_pass;
    # pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
    #location ~ \.php$ {
    #    root           html;
    #    fastcgi_pass;
    #    fastcgi_index  index.php;
    #    fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  /scripts$fastcgi_script_name;
    #    include        fastcgi_params;
    # deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
    # concurs with nginx's one
    #location ~ /\.ht {
    #    deny  all;

link the cookbook to the node (your machineā€¦)

knife node run_list add docker1 "recipe[mydocker]"

(for know how connect chef to your server take a look here)

Now from inside the mydocker (/cookbooks/mydocker) folder we can upload the new cookbook on the chef-server:

berks install
berks upload

Now, you can go on your server, and launch chef-client for update your machine with the new configuration.

sudo chef-client

Good Luck!

P.S: Here the complete code: